The real-world costs of the digital race for bitcoin

For every good innovation, there is a trade-off.

In Web 2, we got the ability to read and write on the Internet with the trade-off of giving out our identity and data. Advertisers listen to our bedroom conversations and sell ads to us based on what they hear.

Here comes Web3 with its ability to allow network participants to read, write and control their data.

And what was the trade-off?

This is what we are going to discuss in this article.

The real-world costs of the digital race for bitcoin

The real-world costs of the digital race for Bitcoin” refers to the environmental and economic consequences associated with the process of mining Bitcoin, a cryptocurrency.

This concept highlights that while Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies offer digital advantages, such as decentralization and security, there are tangible and often negative impacts on the physical world due to the energy-intensive nature of Bitcoin mining.

The Key Elements of Bitcoin Mining

Here is a breakdown of the critical elements of Bitcoin Mining.

Bitcoin Mining: Bitcoin is created through a process called mining. Miners use powerful computers to solve complex mathematical puzzles, and when they succeed, they are rewarded with new Bitcoins. This process is essential for the functioning and security of the Bitcoin network.

Energy Consumption: Bitcoin mining requires a significant amount of computational power, leading to substantial energy consumption. Miners compete to solve puzzles, and the process is energy-intensive, often requiring vast data centres filled with specialized hardware.

Electricity Costs: The energy required for Bitcoin mining translates into substantial electricity costs for miners. In regions with high electricity prices, these costs can be a significant financial burden.

Global Distribution: Bitcoin mining operations are distributed globally, with some in regions where electricity is relatively cheap, often due to hydropower or other renewable sources. This can lead to competition for energy resources.

Economic Implications: The electricity costs and energy consumption associated with Bitcoin mining can have economic implications for both individuals and regions. High electricity bills for miners can affect their profitability, while regions hosting mining operations may see increased demand for electricity.

Environmental Impact: The environmental cost of Bitcoin mining primarily stems from the enormous carbon footprint associated with energy consumption. Much of this energy comes from fossil fuels, which release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, contributing to climate change.

Sustainability Concerns: The environmental and economic impact of Bitcoin mining has raised concerns about the sustainability of the cryptocurrency. Critics argue that the environmental costs outweigh the benefits of a digital currency.

Efforts to Mitigate Impact: Some Bitcoin miners and projects are actively seeking ways to reduce the environmental footprint of mining. This includes using renewable energy sources and implementing more energy-efficient technologies.

First Portion: The Unseen Price of Bitcoin Mining

The Unseen Price of Bitcoin Mining tries to explain how the process of creating and using Bitcoin affects the environment and the people who live in it.

It involves how Bitcoin mining affects the people who use electricity for other things, such as heating, cooling, lighting, or cooking.

Sometimes, the demand for electricity from Bitcoin miners can be so high that it causes shortages or blackouts for other users, especially in places where the power grid is not very reliable or efficient.

For example, in February 2021, a big winter storm hit Texas and caused many power plants to stop working.

Many people lost electricity and had to suffer from the cold weather. Some bitcoin miners in Texas also had to stop their computers, but they got paid a lot of money by the power grid operator to do so.

This money came from the fees that other people had to pay for their electricity, which were very high during the storm.


The Unseen Price of Bitcoin Mining is not easy to measure or compare because it depends on many factors, such as

  • where the miners are located
  • what kind of electricity they use
  • how much they pay for it
  • how much they earn from it
  • how much they affect the environment and the society around them.

Some people think that Bitcoin is worth these costs because it offers a new and innovative way of exchanging value and information.

Others think that Bitcoin is not worth these costs because it wastes a lot of energy and resources that could be used for better things. The debate is still ongoing, and there is no clear answer yet.

The Future of Cryptocurrency: Can Gold Go Green?

This section tries to explore how the technology and the market of digital money will evolve in the coming years.

The future of cryptocurrency is still uncertain and depends on many factors, such as innovation, regulation, adoption, competition, etc.

However, cryptocurrency has the potential to create a greener future if it can overcome its environmental challenges and become more sustainable. Cryptocurrency can also be a force for environmental good if it can support projects and initiatives that aim to protect its environment and its resources.

For example, some cryptocurrencies, such as Bitgreen and SolarCoin, are designed to reward people who use renewable energy or reduce their carbon emissions.


  • Why are Bitcoin mining fees so high?

Bitcoin mining fees are so high because there is a lot of demand for block space and a limited supply of it.

Bitcoin blocks are created every 10 minutes on average, and each Block can only contain up to 1 megabyte of transactions. This means that there is a maximum number of transactions that can be confirmed in each Block.

When there are more transactions than the available space, miners prioritize the ones that pay higher fees per byte. This creates a sort of auction where users compete to get their transactions included in the next Block by paying higher fees. The higher the demand for block space, the higher the fees.

  • Where is the cheapest electricity in the world for Bitcoin mining

According to a report from Coingecko, the cheapest electricity in the world for Bitcoin mining is in the following countries.

The most expensive electricity in the world for Bitcoin mining is the following.

  • Why does it cost energy to mine Bitcoin?

It costs energy to mine Bitcoin because Bitcoin is a type of digital money that is not controlled by a network of computers that follow a set of rules.

These computers are called miners, and they compete with each other to solve complex math problems that allow them to create new bitcoins and verify the transactions that use them.

This process requires a lot of electricity, which can come from different sources, such as coal, natural gas, wind, or solar power.

  • What is the highest Bitcoin fee?

The highest Bitcoin fee ever paid for a single transaction was $510,750, or 20 BTC, on September 10, 2023.

This was an unusual and accidental case where a user paid a fee that was 100 times higher than the regular fee at that time.

  • Does Bitcoin have gas fees?

Bitcoin does not have gas fees, but it has transaction fees.

Gas fees are a specific term for the fees paid on smart contract blockchains, such as Ethereum, that use a system called proof-of-stake to create new coins and verify transactions.

Bitcoin also uses proof-of-work, but it does not have smart contracts, so it does not use gas fees.

Instead, Bitcoin users pay transaction fees to the miners who confirm their transactions and include them in new blocks.

  • Is it cost-effective to mine Bitcoin?

Whether it is cost-effective to mine Bitcoin depends on several factors, such as the price of Bitcoin, the cost of electricity, the difficulty of mining, and the type of equipment used.

Generally, mining Bitcoin is profitable when the revenue from selling the mined bitcoins is higher than the expenses of running the mining operation.

  • What will happen to the price of Bitcoin when all are mined?

It depends on many factors, such as the supply and demand of bitcoin, the adoption and innovation of bitcoin technology, the regulation and competition of bitcoin markets, and the behaviour and expectations of bitcoin users.

  • Who pays for the electricity to mine Bitcoin

The people who pay for the electricity to mine Bitcoin are the miners themselves. They also pay salaries, and this is why they approach this as a business.

  • Why is Bitcoin a real concern for power consumption

Bitcoin is a genuine concern for power consumption because it relies on a network of computers that perform complex mathematical calculations to verify transactions and secure the system. These calculations, known as proof-of-work, require a lot of electrical energy to run and cool the machines.

  • Who owns most Bitcoin?

As of August 2023, these are the largest Bitcoin holders.


USA: 207,200 BTC (in different state agencies).

China: 194,000 BTC (recovered from the Plustoken scam).

Ukraine: 46,400 BTC (state shares and shares of individual politicians).

El Salvador: 2,400 BTC (state participation).



Grayscale: 643,600 BTC. 140,000 BTC.

MicroStrategy: 152,300 BTC.

Tether: 52,700 BTC.

Marathon Digital: 11,500 BTC.

Stone Ridge Holdings: 10,000 BTC.

Tesla: 9,700 BTC.


Exchange platforms

Binance: 498,200 BTC.

Bitfinex: 192,500 BTC.

OKEX: 118,300 BTC.

Robinhood: 118,300 BTC.

2011 MtGox hack: 80,000 BTC.



Satoshi Nakamoto: 1.1 million BTC.

Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss: 70,000 BTC.

Tim Draper: 29,700 BTC.

Michael Saylor: 17,700 BTC.

  • Who keeps Bitcoin running

The people who keep Bitcoin running are called miners. They are the ones who perform complex mathematical calculations to verify transactions and secure the network.

  • What uses more electricity than Bitcoin

The global banking system uses about 263.72 TWh of electricity per year, which is more than twice the amount of electricity that Bitcoin uses.

Another example is the world’s data centres, which consume about 205 TWh of electricity per year, which is also higher than Bitcoin’s consumption.

  • Does Bitcoin mining use a lot of electricity

Yes, Bitcoin mining uses a lot of electricity.

  • How much does a Bitcoin mining farm cost?

The cost of setting up a Bitcoin mining farm can vary widely based on several factors, including Location, Scale, Mining Equipment, Electricity Costs, Cooling and Ventilation, Facility Costs, Maintenance and Repairs, Staffing, Security, Regulatory Compliance, and Scalability.

A specific cost figure for a Bitcoin mining farm can range from a few thousand dollars for a small-scale operation to millions for a large, industrial-sized farm.

To estimate your costs accurately, you should conduct a detailed feasibility study, taking into account all the factors mentioned above and your specific circumstances.

  • Is Bitcoin mining a waste of time and money?

No, it isn’t. If it were a waste of time and money, no business would be doing it.

  • Why do people still do Bitcoin mining if it’s useless?

It is not useless, as it serves two important purposes: securing the Bitcoin network and creating new bitcoins.

  • What is the difference between Bitcoin mining and trading?

Bitcoin mining is the process of creating new bitcoins and verifying transactions on the Bitcoin network by solving complex mathematical problems.

Trading bitcoin is the process of buying and selling bitcoins for profit by speculating on the future price movements of the cryptocurrency.

  • Is ETH [Ethereum] going to take the #1 spot from Bitcoin

Bitcoin and Ethereum are the two leading cryptocurrencies in the market, with both having experienced a lot of growth and innovation over the years.

The possibility of Ethereum taking the #1 spot is 100% possible because it keeps improving its utilities, and investors are actively investing directly and indirectly in Ethereum

  • Is Ethereum affected by Bitcoin halving?

Ethereum is not directly affected by Bitcoin halving, as they are two different cryptocurrencies with different mining mechanisms and rewards.

However, the price of Ethereum is often affected by Bitcoin halving.

  • Who prints bitcoin?

No one prints Bitcoins. Miners mine it as a reward for their work.

  • Do you believe in Bitcoin?

Not everyone believes in Bitcoin. Some are interested in making money, while others are interested in the technology.

  • Is Bitcoin the currency of Satan?

No, it is not.

  • Why do Bitcoin maxis exist?

They value the security and decentralization of the Bitcoin Network.

Maxist appreciate the simplicity and elegance of the Bitcoin protocol

They trust the immutability and transparency of the Bitcoin blockchain

Bitcoin Maxist respect the scarcity and deflationary nature of Bitcoin

  • How much data does Bitcoin mining use?

Bitcoin mining itself doesn’t use a significant amount of data in terms of internet bandwidth or data transfer.

Mining primarily involves solving complex mathematical puzzles and verifying transactions on the Bitcoin network, which doesn’t require large data transfers.

  • What is the internet speed required to mine Bitcoin?

The internet speed required to mine Bitcoin is not extremely high, and most standard broadband connections should be sufficient. Medium-speed internet speed ranges from 10Mbps to 1Gbps.

  • What does it mean that Bitcoin is trustless?

Bitcoin is often described as a trustless system, meaning that it does not require users to trust a central authority or intermediary to verify and process transactions.

  • Could you get an AI to mine Bitcoin?

You cannot get an AI to mine Bitcoin, as Bitcoin mining requires a specific type of hardware and software that is designed to solve complex mathematical problems and verify transactions on the Bitcoin network.

  • Can you mine Bitcoin without Internet access?

No, you cannot mine Bitcoin without Internet access.

  • What’s the intrinsic value of any cryptocurrency?

The intrinsic value of any cryptocurrency can be determined by its utility, scarcity, and technology.

  • Why are Bitcoin mining machines so expensive?

Bitcoin mining machines are so expensive because they are in high demand and low supply.

  • Is it possible to make a full-time income from Bitcoin mining?

To make a full-time income from bitcoin mining, one would need to mine at least one bitcoin per month, which would require a high investment in mining equipment and electricity, as well as a favourable market condition and difficulty level. This is not impossible, but it is also not easy or guaranteed.

  • Why is Bitcoin so complicated?

Bitcoin is complicated because it is a novel and innovative technology that combines cryptography, mathematics, and computer science to create a decentralized and secure network of transactions.

  • What does it mean to ‘wash’ bitcoins, and how does it work?

To ‘wash’ bitcoins means to blur the origin of your bitcoins in order to increase the privacy and security of your transactions.

One way to ‘wash’ bitcoins is to use a platform that offers a mixing or tumbling service. These platforms take your bitcoins and mix them with other bitcoins from different sources, creating a pool of ‘washed’ bitcoins that are then sent back to you in random amounts and addresses. This breaks the link between your original bitcoins and your identity, making it harder for anyone to track your transactions on the blockchain.

  • Is the intrinsic value of Bitcoin actually zero?

The intrinsic value of Bitcoin is not actually zero but rather a matter of perspective and debate. Different people may have different opinions on what constitutes intrinsic value and how to measure it.

  • Why does everybody hate Bitcoin?

Not everybody hates Bitcoin, but some people may have different reasons for being sceptical or critical of it. It could be that they don’t understand the technology, or they think they are already late, or whatever reason there is.

  • Can you get rich from mining Bitcoin?

Yes. One way to get rich from mining Bitcoin is to accumulate as much Bitcoin as possible during the bear market and sell them during the bull market.

  • What is the average hourly wage for mining Bitcoin?

According to ZipRecruiter, the average hourly pay for a crypto miner in the United States is $30.85, while the average hourly pay for a general miner is $24.10.

However, these figures may not reflect the actual profitability of mining Bitcoin, as they do not account for the costs of mining equipment, maintenance, and depreciation.

  • What does proof of work mean with Bitcoin?

Proof of work is a consensus mechanism that requires a significant amount of computing effort from a network of devices to verify transactions and add them to the Bitcoin blockchain. It ensures that the Bitcoin network is secure, decentralized, and resistant to attacks. Proof of work also creates new bitcoins as a reward for the miners who solve the cryptographic puzzles.

  • What is Bitcoin Flip?

Bitcoin Flip is a term used to describe the scenario when another cryptocurrency surpasses Bitcoin in terms of market capitalization.

Some analysts and investors have speculated that Ethereum, the second-largest cryptocurrency by market cap, could flip Bitcoin in the future, as it has more use cases and faster innovation.

  • Why do we need math problems to solve for Bitcoin?

We need math problems to solve for Bitcoin mining because they serve as a way to secure the Bitcoin network and create new bitcoins.

The math problems are not arbitrary but rather related to the verification and approval of Bitcoin transactions.

  • What is the mathematical formula used to mine Bitcoin?

The mathematical formula used to mine Bitcoins is based on finding a hash value that matches the target hash for the current Block.

A hash value is a fixed-length output that is generated from any input using a hash function. The hash function used by Bitcoin is SHA-256, which produces a 64-digit hexadecimal number. The target hash is determined by the difficulty level, which adjusts every 2016 block to keep the average time between blocks at 10 minutes.

  • Can there be a gold-backed digital currency?

Yes, there can be a gold-backed digital currency, and in fact, there are already several examples of such cryptocurrencies in existence.

Some of the most popular and reputable gold-backed digital currencies are:

  • Perth Mint Gold Token (PMGT)
  • PAX Gold (PAXG)
  • Tether Gold (XAUT)


  • How does the block reward work in Bitcoin?

The block reward is the amount of new bitcoins that are created and distributed by the network to the miners who solve each Block.

The block reward serves as an incentive for miners to secure the network and process transactions, as well as a way to control the supply and inflation of bitcoins.

  • What’s the difference between buying and mining bitcoins

Buying bitcoins involves exchanging fiat currency or other cryptocurrencies for bitcoins. In contrast, mining bitcoins involves using specialized hardware and software to solve complex mathematical problems and earn bitcoins as a reward.

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